A little unsure as to what I was researching when I ran across this ancient nugget from 2012. I don’t recall having read it when it was fresh, but has some similarities to my investing style outside the world of Coke – particularly with the international bent. I’ll also point out this predates the 21st Century Beverage Partnership Model where Coke essentially attempted to become a marketing engine leaving the capital intensive bottling and distribution operations to a handful of larger (facilitated by mergers) bottlers. For today, I’ll ignore the 32 (give or take a couple) family owned operations that are basically distributors – or bottlers in name only. These buy product from larger bottlers, warehouse it and deliver to commercial customers. I suspect these little guys won’t be long for the world as they’ve lost any economies of scale.
The impetus for this piece came from the final comment from NeoContrarian where he asks (a year ago), “This is an excellent article:- What’s the current update 6 years on???” Given the author hasn’t published anything since 2016 and I now have a vested interest, I figured it apt to address this question – particularly with the change in the business model.
I have stakes in seven of these bottlers with a pending limit order for an eighth, so allow me to correct a mistake the author made. The list of companies contains duplicates – either with a class of stock (AKO.A/B) or CCLAY/F. The former has greater economic interest (votes) but a lower dividend while the latter is the ADR versus in country OTC listing. The ADR withholds taxes (net payout) while the F version is the gross payout leaving the investor having to deal with those details.
Subsequent to her piece, Coca-Cola Hellenic began trading on the LSE (not NYSE) and moved its’ HQ from Greece to Switzerland, Coca-Cola Enterprises ultimately morphed into Coca-Cola European Partners, HQ UK; and Mikuni Coca-Cola merged into Coca-Cola East, which merged with Coca-Cola West becoming Coca-Cola Japan. Also, Coca-Cola İçecek.’s ADR program has been cancelled.
I tried to retain the structure she used but made a few modifications; removed dividend growth and comparison to KO’s and added % owned by KO. Being primarily foreign companies, dividend growth is less telling than the US as the vast majority of payouts are based on a percentage of profits. Perhaps a profitability growth rate should be included instead.
I will editorialize that it appears the results are mixed in KO’s move out of bottling. They have succeeded, for the most part in the domestic market – at least in avoiding reporting consolidated results. The failure has been in foreign markets as several remain owned – at least in the majority – by KO. These include Africa (68.3%), The Philippines and Bangladesh (100%). KO also retains significant stakes of between 14 and 34% in nine of the publicly traded bottlers. This analysis excludes privately owned companies with the exception of Joint Ventures that include public companies.
Yes it remains possible to muster a dividend yield piggybacking on KO’s marketing prowess. There are risks, chiefly currency and political. For instance, Zimbabwe faces a hard currency shortage leaving Heineken unable to repatriate their profits. The reason I have no intention of buying Hellenic or İçecek. Is their exposure to Russia and Turkey respectively. Future administrations may revert back to normal putting undue risk on the table.
The one aspect I didn’t anticipate was the consolidation of bottling operations into the larger operators leaving the smaller players as merely distributors. That is one way to spread the capital intensiveness into manageable pieces and is probably one reason for their performance.
There are risks as well as potential rewards – perform your own due diligence.
Own: CCEP, KOF, AKO.B, CCLAY, SWRAY, KNBWY, COKE. Open order: CCOJY