April 2020 Update

The market staged a little recovery this month seemingly shaking off – or at least minimizing – any effects of the ongoing Covid-19 devastation, due in part to the partial ramp up of the economy in some states.  My state is one where a ‘phased’ approach is underway and there is uncertainty as to whether the peak has been attained (thereby ignoring the federal template).  While the economic malaise is running rampant through the states, it is doubly acute in the oil patch where state budgets (Texas) are dependent on a 4.6% tax on extraction (in a declining price environment) addition to an otherwise robust economy.  It will be an interesting social experiment as to how quick the average consumer will embrace the new reality (capacity limits in restaurants, for one), the ability for these businesses to turn a profit anew and if this throttling can move the needle on the economy (GDP, unemployment) without a corresponding spike in cases and/or mortality.   For one, I’m willing (and able) to wait at least two weeks and reassess at that time.

Due to the broker reshuffling caused by Motif shutting down, I can only provide a close estimate for the month.  Currently about $2,000 (cash, dividends, sells, buys) is in the ether migrating amongst accounts.  A full accounting is probably a week or two out.

Portfolio Value:  An estimated increase of 10.8% versus the 11.26% gain of the S&P.  For the year I’m up 2.06%.  All full share positions have been received by my primary broker with.

Dividends:  As previously acknowledged, my dividend increase run rate was not sustainable.  This came to bear in April with a 7.49% year-on-year actual increase.  I don’t think I lost any dividends with the timing of the transfer, but I may take a slight temporary hit as I await the cash to redeploy it.  Also some of the cycles will change as I exit some issues.

The pace of dividend cuts/suspensions continues to increase while any increases tend to be muted by 2019 standards.  Net increase for the portfolio stands at 5.75%, meaning my 10% dividend growth rate goal is in jeopardy.

Strategy Shift: In probably an overabundance of caution, I’ve decided to exit REITs that have a retail focus.  If the crisis is prolonged, rents, vacancy rates, property values and ability to refinance could come under pressure.  The ones retained are the four industrial and specialties in my portfolio.

I borrowed this illustration from one of my companies (BOKF) and modified it for my portfolio to begin to gauge potential impacts.  Currently PEP and KO’s biggest impact would reside in their fountain drinks (restaurants and venues).  I have yet to calculate a total …
Covid-19 Impact Areas

Entertainment & Recreation
Gambling Industries EPR
All Other CMCSA, DIS, T, AMC, PEP, KO, MSG, BATRA
Retail
Convenience Stores & Gas Stations CASY, VLO, CVX, RDS.B
Restaurants CBRL, YUM, YUMC, SBUX, MCD
Specialty OUT
All Other Retail KIM, SRC, WRE, VER
Hotels MTCPY
Churches & Religious Organizations CMPGY
Colleges & Universities SYY
Airlines LUV, SWRAY
Identified Businesses most impacted by Covid-19 mitigation efforts approximately xx.xx % of portfolio

I’m using this template strictly as a guide.  The retail facing REITs are all sold (with the exception of Kimco), Southwest Airlines has been reduced, the others on this list are cautious holds.  I continue the review of my portfolio with an eye on secondary impacts – like who really considered any impact to banks because church services weren’t being held?  I probably need to expand my thought process to include further knock-off effects.

Later in May I’ll update my posted portfolio – once the confirmations (and money) arrive.  What will be clearer is the shift to larger but fewer holdings.  While the portfolio remains sizable, I will retain  some speculative stocks and a few where I remain undecided.  By and large, banks with no dividend growth or ones where M&A prospects have dimmed will be pruned.  In June I expect to exit ETFs as well.  For the near term (12-24 months) I’m willing to accept a lower dividend yield if I gain quality – and limited Covid-19 exposure – in return.

Here’s hoping your month turned the corner!

Portfolio War Footing

the condition or status of a(n) … organization when operating …or as if a state of war existed.

https://www.dictionary.com/browse/war-footing

This week we’ll delve into the dark side as 2020 is rapidly evolving into a nightmare for investors.  While stabilizing a little this week, I believe the market can easily take another leg down. Just let the headlines sink in a little … questions on the length and breadth of the pandemic and the efficiency of the mobilization of the government’s economic response.  Meanwhile the numbers roll in – record unemployment and GDP contraction. Pundits are debating whether this is a recession or even a depression – you never are quite sure until you’re in the middle of it. The icing on the cake? Earnings season is upon us with some nasty surprises likely in store.  So what’s an investor to do? First and foremost … maintain your sense of humor in order to keep your perspective intact. Here’s one for the Hormel investors:

Many DGI folks are in the selection phase – identifying the potentially weak links.  The ones that could be in the position of cutting, suspending or even only maintaining (not growing) their dividends.  This is where it gets tricky as geography, industry, diversification and geopolitics need to be incorporated into relative financial strength of a company with the estimated disruption time frame on earnings as the divisor.  Best of luck with that model. Particularly when there is little consensus on when the US will fully reopen for business. Not mentioned publicly is the liability factor. Will the government indemnify consumer-facing companies from lawsuits arising from contagion?

The EU banking regulator now “urges all banks to refrain from dividends distribution or share buybacks which result in a capital distribution outside the banking system, in order to maintain its robust capitalisation” through at least October.  Australian and New Zealand banks are also scaling back and there are calls in some quarters for US banks to do likewise.  I take this as a signal that regardless of the daily message being delivered, there is some feeling this won’t be enough – and it may last a little longer than some would hope.   

Florida tourism appears to be closed at least until June 1st with Universal’s announcement.  Schools remain closed with remote learning in full swing and graduations postponed. We’re looking at even odds that the granddaughter’s first college semester will be distance learning as well.  Four small businesses on my walking route have been shuttered, so there is tangible evidence that change is afoot.

My approach to investing and life has always been to prepare for the worst but hope for the best.  With the prospect of a depression looming ever larger, my realization is that my portfolio is not on war footing.  In fact, I remain unsure exactly what war footing would look like given the circumstances of today.  The one certainty at this moment is the government has successfully recruited several private sector companies to marshall the distribution of the first wave of the largess.  Ones from my portfolio include, Blackrock (BLK), State Street Bank (STT), Paypal (PYPL), Intuit (INTU), JP Morgan (JPM) and Bank of America (BAC). Little doubt these will generate new business with the initial volley.

If the economic hit worsens or broadens, there is but one historical reference to use as a guide.  Granted the causation differs, but we’re only looking at outcomes. During the Great Depression, the baseline differs as we were a creditor rather than debtor nation and a more industrialized rather than service economy.  The human factors (I think) would be similar in nature to enable a broad brush comparison.  

The major difference between the eras is that then, movies and events provided an escape from reality – today, this outlet is non-existent with social distancing  and AMC Theatres (AMC) may now require a bailout to stave off bankruptcy. Venue operators and concessionaires loom large in this equation as well, although diversification may limit some of the impact – or worsen it.  Companies in my portfolio waving caution flags in this regard include, Disney (DIS), Comcast (CMCSA), Compass Group (CMPGY) and ABM (ABM). Non-portfolio public companies include Aramark (ARMK) and Sodexo (SDXAY).

A 2008 analysis by Dave Chase (which was geared more towards the role advertising played) did present some useful findings:

% DECLINE IN CONSUMER SPENDING BY PRODUCT TYPE

PerishableSemi-DurableDurableServices
19302%9%23%5%
19314%15%4%
19326%13%24%8%
19332%9%-1%1%
Data from Dave Chase

Perishable – meat, vegetables, dairy products, prescription drugs

Semi-Durable – clothing, furniture, preserved foods

Durable – automobiles, home appliances, electronics,, firearms, toys

Services – haircuts, doctors, car repair

While past performance may not be indicative of future results, if human nature and the self-preservation instinct remains intact there should be some correlation. My investments don’t quite match these categories and the task at hand is to perform more research – especially where secondary effects may be present, one example (of many) being Southwest Airlines (LUV) capacity cuts impact on ABM Industries (ABM).

This line of thinking will probably be prevalent this year.  But I’d be more than happy to chuck it in the trash if, as the President promised on February 28th, “It’s going to disappear. One day, it’s like a miracle, it will disappear.”  And may that day be soon.

When There’s Lemons …

This week’s missive will get back to some of the basic block and tackling we face at times as investors.  Not to downplay the market madness, it seems everyone and their brother now has a view on the pandemic. Certainly not immune to the downdraft, in hindsight my decision to sell my taxable Canadian stocks on February 28th makes me look like a genius.  The reality is essentially sheer dumb luck. It did, however, provide the cash to nibble on subsequent down days.

The Canadian IRA Taxability Answer

I did receive my first dividend from TMX Group a couple of weeks ago and to my chagrin saw Canadian tax withheld even though it’s in my IRA.  Obviously one of the outliers I previously referenced. While my appeal failed, my broker did confirm two of my companies reside in this category, the other being Hydro One.   I did gain some insight which I figured I’d share.  

  1. To be processed as compliant with the tax treaty, companies have to use the DTC – which comes with a cost.  Most Canadian companies trading in the US absorb this fee as a cost of doing business.
  2. Canada has their own version of the DTC – CDS which is owned by none other than the TMX group, which uses (at least for US based stockholders) Citi for disbursement without treaty compliance review.
  3. Brokers have no recourse but to withhold Canadian taxes in IRAs for CDS processed dividends.  Meaning there is no tax benefit for US citizens holding non-DTC processed securities.

These two will be sold from the IRA when the markets recover a little.  Meanwhile both are also held in my taxable account where I can claim a tax deduction when taxes are filed.

De-risking Process

With the heightened level of uncertainty, more than a few bloggers have shared their approach towards increased safety.  Dividend Diplomats ran a piece on Debt to Equity Ratios and Chuck Carnavale reviewed a Debt to Capital analysis. While both metrics are fundamentally sound – and I’ll likely add to existing holdings that are on these lists – both share a flaw that is highlighted by the current black swan event.  Companies in unprecedented numbers are drawing down their credit lines or issuing new paper, both of which have an impact on the ratios. I mean, is Disney any less of an investment with $6B additional debt offset by $6B cash? Other than a slight increase in carrying expense, I would argue no but they do have other issues with the magnitude currently unknown.  My take is this is where the ratings agencies theoretically should be earning their keep.

My process is to essentially begin the process of reducing the speculative portion of the portfolio.  Eliminating my one BDC (MAIN – smaller business exposure), Entertainment Properties (high social distance exposure), Newell (a recipient of an SEC subpoena).  This is one time a dividend cut or suspension doesn’t necessarily mean a sell if the purpose is cash preservation. I did reduce – but not fully sell – Cracker Barrel on their delay and suspension.

Additionally, I keep abreast of the news to identify potential opportunities.  You’ve heard the mantra, Don’t Fight The Fed?  How about profiting from the economic stimulus they’re embarking on?  Blackrock is a (partial) proxy for this angle. I say partial as I doubt the fees will generate a meaningful profit to them.

In Parting

As no one knows when and how this will end and I doubt I have the time on my side to play the long game, the better part of valor is to strengthen the hand I have.  Someone younger can carry more risk but caution is warranted in my opinion. Either way, try to make some lemonade from these lemons.

January 2020 Update

What a way to start the new year.  Beginning with the reshuffling of my portfolio and continuing right into earnings season and the inevitable debate over the Coronavirus impact on the economy … all I can say is yep it’s a lot to digest – and it’s only January.  With the gyrations in the market, all but two of my low-ball limit orders executed, probably the most controversial being MTR Corporation – the Hong Kong high speed rail line recently at the forefront of the protests. Anyway, I added two Canadian companies (Fortis and TMX Group – (Toronto stock exchange)) and starting the long rumored whittling of some of the non-core holdings (XRX and MSGN).  Most of the other action was moving Canadian companies from my taxable accounts to the IRA – some of which were done as a rebalance to minimize fees (hence the slight additions to the other holdings). Also selling part of the PB stock (which went overweight due to a merger) to fund these movements. As I indicated last week, this is the first of a multi-month transition. Obviously my timing was decent (this time, anyway) as the S&P lost 0.16% for the month while my portfolio gained 1.81%.

PORTFOLIO UPDATES

DIVIDENDS

My primary focus resides on dividends with the goal being a rising flow on an annual basis.

  • January delivered an increase of 22.73% Y/Y primarily the result of last years’ dividend cuts rolling off.
  • Dividend increases averaged 11.48% with 8.5% of the portfolio delivering an increase.
  • 2020 Dividends received were 1.86% of 2019 total dividends putting me on target to exceed last year’s total in November. The YTD run rate is under my 110.0% goal but I anticipate this will normalize as my portfolio movement becomes clearer and the current year begins to distinguish itself from the last. 

Note: I updated my Goals page to provide a visual of these numbers.  Based on Mr All Things Money’s instruction set with a conversion to percentages.  My code only updates when the monthly Y/Y number is exceeded.  Otherwise, the prior year actual is used.

AT A GLANCE

Inspired by Simple Dividend Growths reporting

The relationship between market action and purchase activity was roughly 95/5.  As I’m generally playing with ‘house money’ (proceeds from sales, M&A activity and dividends), I doubt there will be a significant variance until I fund my 2019 IRA contribution.  The Net Purchase Expense being less than 1 or 2% illustrates the ‘house money’ concept. Timing did play a part as I sold early in the month (before the drop) and most of the purchases were in the latter part of the month. 

SPINOFFs

On Oct 4, 2018 MSG filed a confidential Form 10 to spin the sports business which remains in progress.

MERGERS

Spirit MTA REIT (SMTA) voted on Sept. 4th to approve the sale of most assets to HPT for cash. A second vote was held to liquidate the REIT. The first payment was received and awaiting final settlement payout. Fully expecting a profitable outcome for one of my most speculative positions.

SCHW to acquire AMTD for 1.0837 sh SCHW to 1 AMTD.  My only surprise with AMTD being taken out was the suitor – I had expected TD.  Regardless, I have three concerns over this deal, 1) profit margin compression with the onset of $0 fee trades, 2) possible liquidation of a partial TD stake to reduce their ownership share from 13.4% to 9.9% (the same issue Buffet regularly faces) and 3) 10 year phase-out of AMTD/TD cash sweep account relationship.  The third one means TD has a low cost (albeit, decreasing) source of deposits for the foreseeable future. After the first of the year, I’ll probably cash in AMTD and increase TD a little further.  

SUMMARY

Overall, the only complaint is the sluggish start to the year. Minus the drag from last years’ dividend cuts I figure this will be short lived.  On my goals, progress was made as follows:

  • Scenario 1 – TD is now confirmed
  • Scenario 2 – Half complete, awaiting timing issues for the sell part
  • Scenario 3 – Determination of maximum contribution amount complete
  • Scenario 4 – 2020 RMD amounts identified

Here’s hoping your month was successful!

The Defunct Kid Portfolio

This week saw the completion of the rebuild of my granddaughter’s portfolio.  Basically an effort that spanned six weeks and navigated some tricky waters – earnings season, trade news, Fed meeting … Yep, we had them all.  So, I figured it was only fitting to share the whys and wherefores of this little expedition since it pertains to the market.

Background

Since coming to live with us, the kid has been given an annual present of a stock holding and as such has accumulated a nice – but not quite fully diversified portfolio.  Over the years she has been proud of this and one year participated in a ‘mock’ stock contest at school which was (I believe) sponsored by FinViz taking eighth place in the state.  So it was a sad day for her when she was advised that the majority of college aid programs (Grants, Scholarships, etc.) would be discounted by 25% of her net worth. This includes savings, portfolio …  There goes the incentive for planning ahead. End result being upon graduation, her nest egg would be 0. My wife and I are not her parents – the legal status is guardian – so at least our net worth is not considered. So the game plan evolved to maximizing the available assistance.

Liquidation

The rules are similar between 529 plans and custodial accounts, except when liquidated.  With 529s, there is a penalty and possible tax restatements. With Custodial accounts there is the obligation of the custodian to prove the liquidation benefit was on behalf of the minor.  As these accounts were Custodial, I’m now tracking application fees, ACT/SAT testing fees and much more, so if necessary I can respond to an IRS audit.

My Decision

She’s aware that I chose to replicate her portfolio as a slice of one of my M1 pies.  So I laid the groundwork to ensure no dividends were lost in this migration. Fortunately I’d been holding much of my previously paid dividends in cash just waiting for an opportunity to present itself.  As the checks arrived, I moved an equivalent sum to M1. What I haven’t shared is my intention to gift it back to her upon graduation from college.

The Process

I created a spreadsheet with the sale price and the repurchase price to determine if I made or lost money (outside of fees).  I will say that I don’t have the nerve to try to time the market for a living. On the subject of fees, company plans managed by Computershare, Broadridge and Equiniti downright suck on fees when transferring or cashing out.  To be fair, that’s an aspect that’s not at the forefront of most DGIs who buy and hold for the long term. The fees ranged from a little over $25 (BR, CMSQY) to $0 (SCHW) with EQN.L in between at $15 and change. With today’s free trading schemes, the incentive for using traditional DRIPs will likely wane as I noted in one of my infrequent comments on Seeking Alpha.

Once started, I was blindsided by some events.  WFC named a new CEO, TXN provided weak earnings guidance and KHC had an earnings beat.  For the most part, I was able to better her sale price when I did my purchase as illustrated below.

Cur price as of November 8, 2019

Takeaways

While I didn’t enjoy this exercise, had I realized in 2010 what rules would be in place in2019 I’m not sure I would have done anything differently as the kid gained an appreciation for investing and the power of compounding.  Besides, Administrations come and go, rules and policies are ever changing. The key is adjusting to whatever is most beneficial at a point in time.

Going Forward

I will be hoarding most of my dividends once again until tax time as my wife took a part time job this year.  For the first time in a couple of years I’ll be able to make an IRA contribution. 2020 portfolio reporting will likely be a little strange – at least from my view of normalcy, as I tend to like consistency rather than one-off events.  (I know … first world problems …) My concerns lie more in highlighting dividend growth performance rather than portfolio growth via cash infusions – regardless of whether it’s new cash or self generated by reported dividends. This I’m sure will become clear as we progress into the new year.

As always, thoughts and comments are welcome!

September 2019 Update

The market continued with its’ on-going roller coaster, triggered primarily by external factors in the political arena – basically trade and impeachment. Despite the turmoil, the S&P gained 2.46% and my portfolio rose 4.15%. For the year, I’m outperforming the benchmark by 4.96%.

Like DivHut, I try to make at least one buy per month although these purchases have become smaller as my sentiment has grown increasingly cautious. Therefore, my cash position via non-reinvested dividends (not reported) has grown. The lack of Y/Y dividend growth for September is a testament against hoarding cash – particularly when hit with dividend cuts earlier in the year. This month the grandkid was forced to liquidate her portfolio or face losing 25% of her college assistance (grants/scholarships, etc.). Reminder to self: Future topic possibility being the dark ugly underbelly of custodial accounts (529s are even worse …) Anyway, I decided to deploy part of my accumulated cash to build a replica of her portfolio that I will hold. Bottom line, just when I think I’m shrinking the number of companies owned I get thrown a curveball.

PORTFOLIO UPDATES

  • increased my JNJ position
  • increased my CL position
  • increased my CHD position
  • added GPN (lost TSS via merger)
  • increased my DIS position

DIVIDENDS

My primary focus resides on dividends with the goal being a rising flow on an annual basis.

  • September delivered a decrease of 3.4% Y/Y. This was my first decrease since December 2018 and is primarily a result of not staying ahead of the first quarter dividend cuts (e.g., cash position)
  • Dividend increases averaged 10.34% with 61.67% of the portfolio delivering at least one increase (including 4 cuts). This is off last years’ pace and I believe a new personal record for dividend cuts in a single year since about 1980.
  • 2019 Dividends received were 82.89% of 2018 total dividends putting me on target to exceed last year’s total in late October or early November. The YTD run rate is 108.08% of 2018, slightly under my 110.0% goal – but still recoverable – especially with the portfolio replication decision.

Note: I updated my Goals page to provide a visual of these numbers.  Based on Mr All Things Money’s instruction set with a conversion to percentages.  My code only updates when the monthly Y/Y number is exceeded.  Otherwise, the prior year actual is used.

SPINOFFs

On Oct 4, 2018 MSG filed a confidential Form 10 to spin the sports business which remains in progress.

MERGERS

XRX merger with Fujifilm cancelled (still being litigated). The expected settlement was disallowed by the judge September 13th.

PB to acquire LTXB for 0.528 shares and $6.28 cash for each LTXB share. I plan voted in favor of the transaction (on both sides), pocket the cash and sell the new shares – retaining the old PB shares post-merger. I will not add to my PB stake.

VLY to acquire ORIT for 1.6 sh VLY to 1 ORIT. This merger will result in a slight dividend cut November forward as the rate will be normalized to VLY’s current rate. In my view, the other positives outweigh this negative.

PBCT to aquire UBNK for .875 sh PBCT to 1 UBNK. I plan to hold this one as I wouldn’t be surprised if PBCT gets taken out at some point.

Spirit MTA REIT (SMTA) voted on Sept. 4th to approve the sale of most assets to HPT for cash. A second vote was held to liquidate the REIT. Awaiting final settlement payouts and still expecting to be a profitable outcome for one of my most speculative positions.

The three banks continue to validate my strategy of bank consolidations from a few years ago. The only flaw (so far) was the holding period required – but dividends were received while waiting.

SUMMARY

Overall, no complaints. It appears the pending mergers/liquidation might provide enough of a premium to improve my performance over the index, but I don’t want to get too far ahead of myself yet. I still see a little consolidation in my holdings through the last half of the year and am still migrating to a slightly risk off stance, offset slightly by companies with compelling stories. My cash position will hover close to zero while replicating the kids’ portfolio but expect the dividend growth to accelerate into the first half of 2020 with this strategy.

Here’s hoping your month was successful!

Buybacks (part 2)

To follow a theme outlined a couple of weeks ago, my going forward intent in my random musings segments is to view some of the issues of the 2020 presidential campaign under discussion.  My investing rationale has always been that to be successful, one has to understand all possible outcomes which means digging through a lot of crap to discern viable opportunities. It would appear at this early stage that much like 2016, 2020 will have plenty of that to wade through.  As an added bonus, I don’t want to disappoint my newest audience demographic by suppressing my irreverence. As always, these are only observations awaiting an investing opportunity that may never present itself.

The Pitchfork Economics series on buybacks continued on February 26th with Sen. Cory Booker (one of the multitude of Democratic presidential contenders) as a guest discussing his new bill, Workers Dividend Act.  Evidence cited to support his cause is twofold.

  1. American Airlines (AAL) wage increase was roundly panned by analysts.   Booker states the analyst opinions were misguided – which is true. To parlay these opinions into supporting rationale against buybacks is equally misguided as these were partially collectively bargained.  (i.e., benefit to unionized employees which is a goal of the bill.)
  2. His use of Walmart (WMT) as the proverbial case of buyback greed ignores some aspects that are detrimental to his position.  Walmart offers its’ employees matching 401K plans, stock ownership plans with a 15% discount and HSAs, of which some – if not all – allow employees to share proportionately in the “wealth” gained through buybacks.  The choice resides with the employee as to participation.

In an attempt to frame rhetoric with reality, I chose my oldest 15 holdings to identify what happened over the past three years.

Company201820172016
Comcast3.05% decline1.83% decline 3.18% decline
WEC Energy 0.09% decline .09% incr. 16.21% incr.
Chevron0.46% incr.1.33% incr.0.11% decline
Kimberly-Cl.1.77% decline 1.6% decline 1.26% decline
Norf. Southrn3.48% decline 1.93% decline 2.76% decline
Clorox1.19% decline 0.11% decline 0.8% decline
Prosperity B.0.51% incr. 0.28% decline 0.53% decline
Sysco0.5% decline5% decline 3.26% decline
Owens & Minor0.0% change 0.16% decline 0.16% decline
Walt Disney1.51% decline 3.72% decline 4.1% decline
Home Depot2.81% decline 3.82% decline 4.68% decline
PepsiCo0.9% decline 0.96% decline 2.22% decline
Kimco Realty0.62% decline 1.03% incr.1.66% incr.
Towne Bank0.13% incr.0.08% incr.1.05% incr.

Data from MacroTrends

In this scenario (excluding increases denoted bold/italic), the buybacks – as a percentage of the stock outstanding – actually decreased during each of Trump’s years as president despite the tax plan (from 2.1%/1.94%/1.45%).  Companies increasing their share count did so generally to use as currency in lieu of debt. In Chevron’s case this was to fund capital expenditures. Most of the others were for acquisitions.  It’s only slightly ironic that a merger cutting jobs and increasing capital concentration (banking sector) would be viewed more favorably due to an expanding share count

This discussion topic has also been picked up by Mr Tako Escapes who elaborates more skillfully than I.  I don’t dispute two points here, 1) Companies tend to have poor judgement in the timing of these transactions (buy high) and 2) the dollar amounts being expended.  But a dose of reality has to exist as well, I mean – realistically how many capex dollars should be spent to further the worldwide glut of steel (as one example)?

At least this exercise has been interesting but to draw any real conclusions requires a larger sample size.  More questions will also arise such as, ‘Are buybacks more prevalent in the overall S&P universe moreso than the DGI slice?’ or ‘Is my portfolio a large enough sample to be reflective of the stats bandied about by the Democratic candidates?’.  As usual in this blog, more questions than answers. I intend to complete this exercise for all of my holdings during the year

Other concepts will likely hit the garbage heap prior to getting much traction including a wealth tax (constitutional issues) and Modern Monetary Policy (hyperinflation).  As an aside, these concerns, per David McWilliams piece entitled Quantitative easing was the father of millennial socialism as presented by Ben Carlson makes for an interesting case. It certainly appears that the 2020 election season is off to a rousing start. Bottom line, I suspect some candidates will use this issue as a cry to rally the base with minimal substance to follow – similar in many ways to “Build the Wall” of yesteryear.  A reflection of what little has been learned over the last two years. In my mind not an investable theory.  

As always, opinions are welcome!