Blast From the Past

A little unsure as to what I was researching when I ran across this ancient nugget from 2012.  I don’t recall having read it when it was fresh, but has some similarities to my investing style outside the world of Coke – particularly with the international bent.  I’ll also point out this predates the 21st Century Beverage Partnership Model where Coke essentially attempted to become a marketing engine leaving the capital intensive bottling and distribution operations to a handful of larger (facilitated by mergers) bottlers.  For today, I’ll ignore the 32 (give or take a couple) family owned operations that are basically distributors – or bottlers in name only. These buy product from larger bottlers, warehouse it  and deliver to commercial customers. I suspect these little guys won’t be long for the world as they’ve lost any economies of scale.

The impetus for this piece came from the final comment from NeoContrarian where he asks (a year ago), “This is an excellent article:- What’s the current update 6 years on???” Given the author hasn’t published anything since 2016 and I now have a vested interest, I figured it apt to address this question – particularly with the change in the business model.

I have stakes in seven of these bottlers with a pending limit order for an eighth, so allow me to correct a mistake the author made.  The list of companies contains duplicates – either with a class of stock (AKO.A/B) or CCLAY/F. The former has greater economic interest (votes) but a lower dividend while the latter is the ADR versus in country OTC listing.  The ADR withholds taxes (net payout) while the F version is the gross payout leaving the investor having to deal with those details.

Subsequent to her piece, Coca-Cola Hellenic began trading on the LSE (not NYSE) and moved its’ HQ from Greece to Switzerland, Coca-Cola Enterprises ultimately morphed into Coca-Cola European Partners, HQ UK; and Mikuni Coca-Cola merged into Coca-Cola East, which merged with Coca-Cola West becoming Coca-Cola Japan.  Also, Coca-Cola İçecek.’s ADR program has been cancelled.

I tried to retain the structure she used but made a few modifications; removed dividend growth and comparison to KO’s and added % owned by KO.  Being primarily foreign companies, dividend growth is less telling than the US as the vast majority of payouts are based on a percentage of profits.  Perhaps a profitability growth rate should be included instead.

I will editorialize that it appears the results are mixed in KO’s move out of bottling.  They have succeeded, for the most part in the domestic market – at least in avoiding reporting consolidated results.  The failure has been in foreign markets as several remain owned – at least in the majority – by KO. These include Africa (68.3%), The Philippines and Bangladesh (100%).  KO also retains significant stakes of between 14 and 34% in nine of the publicly traded bottlers. This analysis excludes privately owned companies with the exception of Joint Ventures that include public companies.

a/o 8Dec2019

Yes it remains possible to muster a dividend yield piggybacking on KO’s marketing prowess.  There are risks, chiefly currency and political. For instance, Zimbabwe faces a hard currency shortage leaving Heineken unable to repatriate their profits.  The reason I have no intention of buying Hellenic or İçecek. Is their exposure to Russia and Turkey respectively. Future administrations may revert back to normal putting undue risk on the table.

The one aspect I didn’t anticipate was the consolidation of bottling operations into the larger operators leaving the smaller players as merely distributors.  That is one way to spread the capital intensiveness into manageable pieces and is probably one reason for their performance.

There are risks as well as potential rewards – perform your own due diligence.

Own: CCEP, KOF, AKO.B, CCLAY, SWRAY, KNBWY, COKE.  Open order: CCOJY

My 2017 Strategy (Coca-Cola)

Usually during the third quarter of each year I analyze my portfolio’s performance, do a little tweaking and cast about for an underlying strategy for the new year.  2016 was especially difficult due to a couple of mergers wreaking havoc on my portfolio structure as well as the uncertainty caused by the election.  The easy fix is to add to my anchor, core and satellite holdings at reasonable price points to get them to their target weightings.  This is illustrated by my recent purchases of KMB, CLX and SBUX with more to come.  The more difficult issue was identifying potential value plays for an ancillary portion of the portfolio.

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Moral Investing?

When visiting friends and acquaintances, some topics are generally held as taboo for discussion with financial status, politics and religion usually top of the list.  It’s not due to political correctness but more along the lines of common courtesy.  Unless invited, why would I discuss the success I’ve enjoyed with someone who’s filed for multiple bankruptcies?

There are investors that choose to invest in faith based, moral or social causes that fit their beliefs.  Some choose to avoid tobacco, liquor, coal or oil issues in their portfolios for personal reasons.  Others have no issues or concerns whatsoever.  I believe Lawrence Meyers presents this view nicely in The Myth of Socially Responsible Investing.

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Prepping for ’17

In my inbox I found a message inspired (?) by my last post.  In a nutshell, it was a request for further insight into my October purchases.  I have to admit that, on the surface, the appearance is that I was throwing stuff against the wall to see what would stick.  I would like to think I’m slightly more calculating.  To set the scenario, I had an oversized cash position due to a merger, the markets had started their pre-election downward drift and the FBI just breathed new life into Candidate Trump’s aspirations.

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Oct 2016 Update

October was basically a quiet month with OPEC failing – once again – to shore up their hold on the oil markets.  Chevron announced a small increase in their dividend maintaining their status as a Champion.  Several small positions were added at month end as the market began a pullback (continuing into November) enabling me to start redeploying funds received from PNY’s merger with DUK.  This month The S&P dropped 1.94%.  My portfolio was basically flat, ending down 0.1%.  Note: I normalized these numbers to consider the impact of cash infusion from the merger.  My ‘pure’ equity positions decreased by 4.15%.  The need for this normalization should end as my excess cash is used.  This increases my lead for the year to 11.5% with two months to go.

Headlines impacting my portfolio:

  • 10/3 – JNS to merge w/ Henderson
  • 10/11 – SRCE gains FRB approval for Sarasota, FL branch
  • 10/19 – C finalist to be designated as clearing firm for Renminbi trades

Blog Updates:

I’m a little behind again this month but the portfolio data has been compiled and will be posted in the next couple of days with the goals update later in the week.  The Unabridged portfolio should be next week as per normal.

Portfolio Updates:

  • Closed PNY due to merger
  • Added to BMO
  • Added to CVLY prior to ex-div for the stock dividend
  • Added to JNS (weakness on currency exposure)
  • New position – ABM
  • New position – AMT (Jan)
  • New position -BLL
  • New position -CASY
  • New position -CHCO
  • New position -KOF (Mex. peso exposure)
  • New position -COKE
  • New position -CCE (UK exposure)
  • New position -CSAL
  • New position -CTBI (Jan)
  • New position -CCI
  • New position -HUM (Jan)
  • New position -LAMR
  • New position -NWFL
  • New position -OCFC
  • New position -ONB
  • New position -OUT
  • New position -PLD
  • New position -QCOM
  • New position -DGX (Jan)
  • New position -SRC (Jan)
  • New position – SGBK (Cuba exosure)
  • New position – BATRA
  • New position – VALU
  • New position  – VER (Jan)
  • New position  – YUMC (YUM spin-off)

Dividends:

  • October delivered an increase of 28.9% over October 2015.  This was due about evenly between dividend increases (Y/Y) and late 2015 funding.
  • October was down 10.68% from the prior quarter due to special and semi-annual payments in July.
  • Announced dividend increases currently average 12.59% with 67.11% of my portfolio having at least one raise so far this year.
  • Through October, dividends received exceeded total 2015 dividends by 7.2%.

Roughly half of the PNY/DUK proceeds have been redeployed with an additional 3 orders pending for January payers.   I’ve filled some of the hole I’ll face in January, so I plan on maintaining a small cash position through the election before making further decisions.

Spinoffs:

The XRX spin (Conduent) is on track to complete by year end.  MetLife has filed for a spin of their Brighthouse Financial unit under the ticker BHF.

Mergers:

Proxies were received and voted for both the LSBG/BHB and AGU/POT mergers.